The period of adolescence is supposed to be among the most important, as well as controversial periods in the process of the development of the personality. The period of adolescence is mainly characterized by the various contradictions, as well as the desire of a person to find the personal pace in the life. The consequences of the personal development through the adolescence significantly affect the adult life of the individual. Thus, the following paper is aimed to analyze the behavioral science in juvenile psychopathy, as the efficient tool to the prevention of the psychological disorders in the further life of the person.
The Specifics of Juvenile Psychopathy
The relevance of the study of the typical psychological problems that are being experienced by people during the particular socio-economic periods of life consists of the specific features; those features are implemented by the personality to adapt to the harsh, and often crisis transformation of society. The period of adolescence is supposed to be especially relevant from this point of view. Various social stressors during this period of life make the teenagers the most susceptible part of the society. Trying to act as members of the adult world, teenagers try on different social roles, as well as perceive the various social changes together with their consequences. They are in a constant search for moral guidelines, related to the revaluation of the life meaning. These searches, tries, as well as subsequent problems and choices are often fixed as the habitual behavioral patterns and personality traits, which would manifest itself throughout the further life. Thus, the understanding and knowledge about the psychological problems experienced by the adolescents is an important issue in the field of the modern Psychology. This knowledge can serve as a basis for the provision of targeted assistance to the productive or efficient relationship building, as well as the formation of ones personality.
The psychological development in adolescence is characterized by intensification of the contradictions between the already formed mental properties and the demands of everyday life to develop the new skills. The above described circumstances can act as a source of problems.
It is normal that due to fundamental changes taking place in all spheres of personality development, the period of adolescence is full of questions, contradictions, and the availability of a variety of choices and decisions. The main objectives of the development imply the self-determination in the sphere of human values and human communication, as well as the solution of vital questions about the meaning of life, and about ones personal place in it. These issues are supposed to be the key problems and difficulties, as well as critical life events that one has to overcome.
However, the clash with the problems does not guarantee the persons proper development and positive progress. On the contrary, the problem and the conflicts can prevent or inhibit the formation of young people as individuals; their current level of development does not allow those individuals to effectively respond to these challenges. It all depends on what strategy the adolescent chose, i.e. the unconstructive resistance or the active defense of the personal values and interests, supported by the informed choice to search for new effective solutions, while, at the same time, maintaining the loyalty to the personal identity. This becomes possible with the corresponding mental tumors (responsibility, independence, and ability to make choices) and the expansion of the behavioral patterns. If one fails to maintain his/her loyalty to personal identity, then the problem begins to interfere with the individual itself, causing new problems or creating difficulties for others in cooperation with the teenager.
The normative, age-related problems of adolescents may be acute and chronic in nature, which becomes the emotional background of life and significant difficulties can be experienced. In fact, the daily problematic situations are characterized by vague target criteria which are mutually exclusive, but in past experiences, there was no way to resolve this problem. Problematic situations may synthesize new ways of behavior and help an individual move to the new quality of psychic processes. Such situations most often become acute, provoking emotional outbursts, and causing severe emotional distress. The essential point of the process solution to the problem is the existence of open structures in the memory. The process is supposed to help avoid the feeling of disharmony, and discomfort in the perception of confusing the situation. The process of looking for the best way out of a problem is supposed to encourage awareness of the problems and show the emergence of the need to be able to find the solution (Gao, & Raine, 2010).
The major changes usually occur in the adolescent relationships with adults (parents, teachers). Teenagers try to extend their rights, primarily to the sphere of relations with people. They begin to resist categorical adult requirements. They choose to protest against limiting their independence, all sorts of care, petty control, etc. It is very important to take into account the interests, attitudes, and opinions of teenagers, although they are not always sufficiently intelligent or mature. However, while expanding their right to independence, respect for the individual, in most cases, the teenagers are usually not able to take on new responsibilities. This contradiction between the need to show independence and the real possibilities of its implementation acts as the main factor of conflict.
The formation of the personality of the teenager implies a complex and ambiguous process, so that the pedagogical influence, as a rule, meets with the active subject of self-education. Therefore, when working with adolescents, it is extremely important to understand what standards and values they are guided by and consider them as important and significant. The standards chosen by the adolescents are extremely important and may refer to the literary character or real life person, occupying the specific position in society (Van Goozen et al., 2007).
The propensity to imitation can be viewed as a characteristic of the person of any age, but the teens especially exhibit this tendency. They imitate not only the external models, but also their inner content. Among boys the standard of a real man becomes very popular. This standard includes the strength, the will, the courage, endurance, as well as the true friendship and companion. In this set, the most important quality is the strength. To win the respect of his comrades, the teenager not only shows all of his talents (in sport, fight, etc.), but often exaggerates the extent of his involvement in the expression of masculinity qualities (Babiak, 2010).
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The studies in this particular area and the implementation of the acquired knowledge in the work of a teenager point out to the increase of ones self-compliance and self-improvement. In this regard, a teenager turns to thinking about his/her shortcomings and merits, but it is still difficult to address these issues on his/her own due to the lack of the sufficiently clear criteria of assessment and psychological knowledge. To help them in the mentioned activities, the joint activity can be used, allowing a teenager to make adjustments in his/her presentation of himself, as well to help him/her understand personal problems and difficulties.
The older adolescents are characterized by the desire for self-education, and by the concentration around the behavioral aspects (regulation of their reactions, actions, activities planning, etc.). Very often the task of self-will though disorganization often depends on the lack of organization and the ability and desire to work systematically. The formation of the adolescents personality is largely dependent on how it will develop in the course of life and education of the relationship between aspirations, self-esteem and real opportunities to satisfy the personal claims to justify ones self-esteem.
Based on behavioral science analysis in juvenile psychopathy, as the efficient tool to the prevention of the psychological disorders in the further life of the person, the current paper views the adolescence period as one of the most controversial periods in the process of the development of the personality, the consequences of which may significantly influence the adult life of the individual. The paper views the specifics of the adolescence behavioral patterns through the prism of psychological development.