Health Care System
Today, the healthcare sector is faced with several challenges that have limited the sector in offering proper services. Financial constraints and embezzlement have a major contributing factor. The setup systems have failed the contribution of better services and enough medical resources to the patients. Hospitals together with other associated health care centers cannot afford to purchase drugs and pay medical practitioners at the same time. Challenges in technology have stalled both the growth and services of the sector. The health sector in advanced countries has used technology to improve their services in both running and treating their patients. The backward technological aspect in the sector has limited proper medication and treated and needs to be addressed. A new healthcare system needs to be established to improve the country’s health sector in the various areas. Some of the basic models that are proposed for the country are the Bismarck model, the Beveridge model, the National health insurance model and the Out-of-pocket model (Holtz, 2013).
The Bismarck model is found in Germany where it as intended to unify people. In this model, the insurers or sickness fund, the health sector is financed by employers and employees jointly through a payroll deduction. The cover plans are purposed to incorporate everybody in the country, and the system does not make profits. The model also is controlled majorly by the government though the system can accommodate private hospitals.
The Beveridge model is embraced in England, mostly as a social health cover. In the model, the government offers the healthcare cover which is financed by the same government through tax payments by the citizens. The model mandates the government as the major player in health cover to control both private and public hospitals. The system is considered to have low costs in relation to per capita since the government controls the charges and practices of doctors on patients.
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The National health insurance model structure is a blend of both Bismarck and Beveridge prototypes’ features in the health sector. The model encourages the usage of the private sector to provide health services but the financial assistance is from the government. The government in this model runs the insurance program that every person has to pay to fund it. The model is not marketed to potential clients since it does not make profits. It is considered as a universal insurance program, which tends to be cheaper and easy to manage as compared to the other models. The model gives power to the assured of the cover to negotiate for cheaper prices in the health sector by controlling costs and limiting medical services.
The out-of-pocket model stipulates that those with the finances will get a chance to be treated in the best hospitals since they can afford the prices. The poor are left to manage without health services since they cannot pay the hospital bills. The model is propagated for established and developed countries where citizens can pay for the healthcare prices (Chalkidou et al., 2009).
The most recommended model for the country is the Health care insurance model. The characteristics of the model will favor all citizens of the country in various aspects that come with health care. Under healthcare in relation to the model, the insured will have a say in the manner in which the healthcare experts control the business. Those paying money to finance healthcare cover will stipulate the rules that guide the healthcare. Being contributors, they will determine how the private sector in the health matters handles them. All citizens will be accorded a chance of accessing the best health amenities delivered through the sponsorship by the government. Facilities and supplies of health services are a problem that the model will solve in a particular country. The country is faced with inadequate supply of health staff and facilities to offer the required services. Under National care insurance model, the health sector will be equipped through the provision of enough funding from the government of taxpayers’ money. When every person is involved in the program, finances will be accessible to run an insurance program cover. The money can be used to higher more doctors and purchase more drugs for hospitals. Such steps upon application of the model will enhance better health services in the country. Technology is an important aspect in the health sector to enhance the provision of better services. Technology is applied in various fields covered under health care. Communication department, operation theaters, transportation and research areas need improved and upgraded technology for proper service delivery. The model will ensure the prices of treatment are low across all patients and the extra finances invested in the other sensitive areas. The funding of technology to improve service delivery in other departments will enhance proper and fair service delivery to all insured in the insurance scheme in the country (Cardozo et al., 2005).
The infrastructure of any country will determine how healthcare services will be delivered in any country. In the case of this country, the model can also moderate the sector to enhance service provision to patients. When the government uses the money collected to cover the health sector, the control of the resources can influence how infrastructure projects can be financed. Just like technology, when the assured have performed the payment, the government can negotiate for low prices for health services and the remaining amount can be balanced across the infrastructures intended to be improved. Money paid to finance the program can come from either private or public fianc?s. Private finances come from both citizens and other private entities that intend to support the model. The system designed through the model has enhanced all interested parties to contribute money to support the health care programs. Public financing comes from the government through the taxes deducted from citizens. The model has established procedurals in the manner in which finances can be used to improve the services offered in the health sector. The finances being controlled by one entity will prevent embezzlement by other actors in the sector. Proper records of finances activities give room for the proper management of the health sector in the country which will improve the delivery of health services (Mesa-Lago, 2008).
Public health is a concern by the model. The main aim of the model is the offering of health services to all persons paying the required premiums to cover their health bills. The public is expected to receive better services in the health sector considering that money is paid to finance the national health insurance model system in the country. The model system promotes better health services to the public in case someone is treated in both private and public health care centers. The model stipulates that, upon securing proper financial support from the public, the next step will be to ensure that the public is secured in service delivery. All the people forming the public domain must receive equal treatment as they seek the health services. Another principal that the model intends to cover is the end of life care on citizens. The model is to be adopted by a given country to reduce the chances of “end of life care” among the citizens. The system setup will majorly cover all persons and accord them with the opportunity of receiving better health care and reduce mortality rates. When the citizens pay as suggested by the system of this model, each person will receive better treatment in the health sector as a right towards their contribution (Mesa-Lago, 2008).
Cultural competent is an area that covers all persons interested with the health sector. This setup ranges from a patient to doctors and the insurance company. The obligation of the state is to ensure all the players perform their tasks to enhance better medical delivery improvement. The regulating of the sector can be estimated to ensure all rules are adhered to, and the parties perform their respective responsibilities as expected of them. When each party concludes with its expectations, the health sector will have a different approach to enhancing and improving all aspects of the health sector. Mental health is another problem that has faced the health sector of the country. There are limited resources to handle arising issues of mental problems that need to be discussed. The model system will create room to all types of health problems that can be covered. The scope of patients is intended to improve their lives ranges in a big radius of a circle. The system has established all manner of health problems that can be covered upon payment of the given required payments whether monthly or annually. The health care sector will be in a position to handle the issue and therefore, improve services (Palmer & Short, 2000).
In conclusion, the country requires a proper health model that can enable to improve the health sector in offering services to the people. The National health insurance model is the most recommended system that will cushion the health department of the country to better its service delivery and enhance healthy life among its citizens (Holtz, 2013).