Veterans are an important segment of the USA population that is sometimes unprotected and need additional regard. Every veteran in every country should have a full packet of benefits and services that facilitate everyday life of discharged service members, and the USA is not an exception.
In 2013, the number of military veterans was near 19.6 million (American Veterans by the Numbers, 2013, para.1). It means that there is almost 20-million group of people who need some aid from the state. With this purpose the United States Department of Veterans Affairs created the website www.va.gov. On August 7, 2014, there was signed a special Veterans Access, Choice and Accountability Act of 2014 that notably improves the USA system of veterans care and utters the principal policy of VA web site (Moloney, 2015).
The primary idea of this site consists of informing and assisting the citizens discharged from the army because of reasons other than dishonor. This acquaintance lies on suggesting information that connected with benefits and services provided to veterans. All information is strictly divided into categories so that it becomes simple to understand for anyone.
One of the main benefits provided to service members, veterans, and their families is health care services including hospital and dental services, home nursing, community-based residential care, readjustment counseling, homeless veteran, alcohol and drug programs, specialized health care for women veterans, and others. VA commands a numerous well-being care establishments and facilities and offers a possibility of supporting caregivers for severely disabled and ill veterans.
The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs provides compensations to veterans and their families. These considerations comprise disability compensation, dependency and indemnity compensation, and special monthly compensation. Disability compensation is paid to veterans with disabilities acquired during military service or after it. Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC) is the compensation to family members of service members or veterans who died because of disability connected with their military service. The monthly compensation is an additional payment in case of some circumstances such as the demand for aid of another person. The VA gives all the necessary information connected with eligibility, evidence requiring, and applying.
As the benefit, VA offers improving knowledge and skills of veterans by further education and training. There are four educational programs for veterans and their family members: Post-9/11 GI Bill, Montgomery GI Bill-Active Duty, Montgomery GI Bill-Selected Reserve, and Reserve Educational Assistance Program (REAP). Every program has it own features and conditions with the possibility to compare them on the website for the better understanding and choice. The website of VA offers numerous tools that help veterans make a right choice of educational establishments and training within the framework of GI Bill programs.
Life insurance is the benefit connected with high risks in military service. The position of the VA is to ensure the feeling of safety for service members, veterans, and their families. There are some aspects of life insurance, which provide insurance for service members, veterans and families until 120 days after discharging.
The pension is one more benefit for veterans who have at least 3 months of active service. Also, they must be 65 years old or older, or permanently or totally disabled, or be a patient in a nursing home, or have insurance connected with disability. The idea of the pension is to help veterans and their families to handle financial difficulties.
VA provides the veterans with vocational rehabilitation and employment services in order to help them find a job and improve working skills. Generally, it includes 5 basic aspects. These aspects involve reemployment with the previous employer on a previous job; rapid employment for those who already have all the necessary skills and are ready to start working immediately; self-employment for those who have difficulties in traditional spheres; employment through long-term services such as training; additional courses and services for those who cannot work and be employed because of their disability. This benefit should help veterans to gain independence in their daily living with suitable employment. It is worth to mention that VA provides home loan guarantee and helps veterans to build, repair, and maintain their homes.
The particular questions are services provided by VA. Beneficiary financial counseling assists to solve all financial matters. Career center exists with the purpose of improving veterans’ job seeking skills. Educational and vocational counseling assists in the sphere of education giving necessary information and advice to active service members as well as veterans eligible for the GI Bill programs. The fiduciary program was created to help those veterans, who cannot manage their finance. Such program as Independent Living was established to certify veterans’ ability to live independently.
VA provides veterans and their family members with burial and memorial benefits such as burial in a National Cemetery, burial and plot allowance, reimbursing funeral costs, furnishing an inscribed government headstone and other memorial markers, a Presidential Memorial Certificate, military funeral honors, burial flag and other things upon the request of the veteran’s family.
In conclusion, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs provides service members, veterans, their spouses, children, and other family members with a great number of benefits and services. They are connected with different spheres of life such as health care, financial affairs of veterans, education, vocational rehabilitation and employment, house loan, life insurance, pension, and funeral. All these services are aimed at improvement and facilitation of veterans ‘lives considering that the VA positions itself as an organization that serves discharged service members. The website itself is a powerful tool of providing benefits. It contains all necessary telephones and contacts, templates of papers and forms, advice and answers to popular questions.
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