|← Cultural Differences in Khaled Hosseini’s “The Kite Runner”||Lowering the Drinking Age to 18 →|
Education and Certification
Many years of education go into the foundation of a career in civil engineering. A high school degree is not enough to be a civil engineer and a bachelor's degree in civil engineering or a related engineering discipline is only the first step. The length of study for a degree in engineering is typically four or five years and the completed degree is designated as a Bachelor of Engineering. In the course of this period, critical thinking skills and mathematical concepts related to the field of engineering are explored, setting a good foundation for a career.
Almost half of all civil engineers worked for firms that dealt with architectural, engineering, and related services work with most working in the design sector, creating designs for new projects. About a third of all jobs in civil engineering work for the government in one level or another, whether it is for road or water works, public buildings, or in repairing and maintaining structures such as dams and bridges.
In 2006, civil engineers occupied more than a quarter of a million jobs in the United States. This number is expected to increase at a rate of 18% in the next decade, higher than the average growth, stemming from a continually growing population that needs more buildings, public works that need to be maintained, a national infrastructure that needs to be improved and old buildings that will be needing repair and maintenance.
As a group, those who graduate with a bachelor's degree in engineering earned a higher starting salary than their peers. In a 2007 salary survey, people with a bachelor's degree in civil engineering started working in the field at $48,509 a year on average. Those with a master's degree had a starting salary that averaged $48,280 a year and those that held a Ph.D. in civil engineering started at $62,275 a year.
The average salary for an engineer who has worked in the field for some time is between $54,520 and $86,260 per year with the top 10% earning more than $104,420 per year. Of course, this salary range is for those civil engineers who are at the top of their field and hold positions in management.
Civil engineers can specialize in a diverse range of areas, including coastal and marine, power, water and public health, rail, tunneling, structural work, highways and transportation and the environment. It is a job that requires one to be disciplined as well as creative, detail-oriented and curious. The job can be immensely satisfying, especially because it is a discipline that allows one to visually see the outcome of their work (such as in the design and execution of public structures and buildings). The job enables one to work closely with others and much public relation work is necessary for many aspects of the job from being able to manage a team of people to explaining a project to a group of clients.
"ASCE: Civil Engineering Magazine." ASCE. 24 June 2008 .
Beeby, A.W.. Introduction to Design for Civil Engineers. Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis, 2000.
Lindeburg, Michael R.. Civil Engineering Reference Manual for the PE Exam. Seattle: Professional Publications, 2008.
Scott, John S.. Dictionary Of Civil Engineering. New York: Springer, 1992.
Weingardt, Richard G.. Engineering Legends: Great American Civil Engineers: (32 Profiles of Inspiration and Achievement). Reston: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2005.