Breastfeeding itself as a process is the feeding of a baby with breast milk from female breasts (for example, via lactation), mainly ignoring formula feeding which is not natural. Newborns are able to suck breast milk since they have an inborn sucking reflex. In fact, some mothers are working and have no opportunity to feed the kids with their breasts. What they do is also beneficial; they express milk that can be used later when they are out.
The decision whether to breastfeed or not is very personal. Every woman has her own feelings, beliefs, and concerns about this issue. Taking into account that breastfeeding is a tradition in the society and was an ingrained rule many ages ago, women have a wide range of benefits.
Breast milk is generally considered to be an indispensable source of nutrition for newborn babies as in the earliest periods of life, it has both biological and psychological long-lasting impact on one’s life. Breastfeeding has many benefits for kids, because human milk contains necessary nutrients, disease-fighting substances, and vitamins needed during the first six months to protect baby’s health from illness.
First, breastfeeding offers protection from type 1 and type 2 diabetes, stomach viruses, high cholesterol, ear infections, lower respiratory illnesses, and inflammatory bowel disease. Scholars proved that breastfed babies are face a lower risk of developing childhood cancer. Nobody can say exactly how it works. There are assumptions that antibodies in the milk can give a boost to the immune system. For those who lacked breastfeeding, there is a risk of developing ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Breast milk is usually called liquid gold as it is very rich in nutrients and helps protect the baby, especially from different allergies. On the contrary, babies who were fed with any other liquid based on soy or cow’s milk have a tendency to become allergic to various products later. This is because without some essential elements that breast milk incorporates, they may become more vulnerable to inflammation. In general, babies who were artificially fed are more likely to have such diseases and health problems as gastro-intestinal infection, necrotizing enterocolitis, respiratory infections, eczema and wheezing, urinary tract infections, sudden infant death syndrome. Also, they can suffer from ear infections, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, childhood leukaemia, multiple sclerosis, acute appendicitis, tonsillectomy, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Secondly, if you are a mother, you can experience the advantages of breastfeeding. At first, it is always hard. Once your baby and you settle it into a usual routine, it will ease the efforts of taking care of the kid. No nipples and bottles are needed; no mixtures and measures make troubles. The mother can feed the baby at once without any problems. Nuclear families claim that formula feeding usually cost over $1,500 a year. It depends on how much the baby needs. Since the child is breastfed and catches fewer sicknesses, the costs spent on health care are lower.
Breastfeeding helps mothers lose weight after birth since during the lactation, many calories are burnt. In fact, the weight that was gained during pregnancy is saved and serves as a source of energy for lactation. Women can also benefit from breastfeeding as it is the most effective way of protection yourself from being pregnant soon again (even better than a condom or a diaphragm). It is considered to believe that in this case, contraception is a so-called plan “B” if you want to prevent the birth.
Mothers should take care of themselves as there is no guarantee that bad health condition will not affect the health of their babies. Those who breastfeed have more chances to get rid of any symptoms of such health problems as breast cancer, osteoporosis, ovarian cancer, type 2 diabetes, bone-mineral loss, hip fractures, and even postpartum depression.
Physical contact is extremely important to newborns, because it helps them feel more comforted, warm, and secure. This closeness may be one of the benefits for moms, too. Skin-to-skin contact may boost the oxytocin level of the mother which helps feel more relaxed during the process of breastfeeding.
Thirdly, recent surveys show that when 90 % of families breastfeed at least for six months, around 1,000 deaths of infants might be prevented. $13 billion would also be saved in the United States of America per year. There are less plastic wastes and trash that come from formula cans or bottle supplies, which is good for the environment.
According to more recent studies, the children who were breastfed during the first months of their lives are usually less likely to become fat later in their childhood. Because of formula feeding, there is a tendency of 20-30 % greater likelihood that a kid would become fat. Mothers who exclusively breastfeed their newborns during the first four-six months are 34 % less likely to have sons or daughters with insulin dependence or juveniles. Some researchers have proved that maternal shame and guilt can sometimes lead to unwarranted worries about being a model mother. The vast majority of mothers-to-be are afraid of the first experience and failures of taking care of their kids. The process of breastfeeding is even associated with a disgusting, sexual, and animalistic act.
As it was already mentioned, the danger of childhood cancer increases eight times when the children are formula fed. Later on, as kids grow into adults, those who were naturally fed, have lower blood pressure than those who were bottle-fed. Scholars study in what way breastfeeding is connected with cardiovascular disease that may develop in future, HIV transmission, bed sharing, cot death, and dental health.
Moreover, heart disease probably is not going to develop in adults that were breastfed in infancy. Fewer behavioral, psychological, and learning problems occur when breastfed children grow. Solid evidence indicates that even cognitive and neurological development of infants is increased among those whose mothers opt for breastfeeding. One researcher has found that children who were breas-fed are, on average, more assertive, secure, and mature as they developed.
Actually, artificially fed babies are more likely to become constipated as well as less fussy in terms of new food at weaning. Natural mother’s milk helps loosen an infant’s mucus as well as eases the passage of its first stools that are usually called meconium and are black and sticky. What is more, when an emergency occurs, it does not concern the issue of breastfeeding since the milk is available all the time without any additional supplies. You can be sure for 100 % that your baby will not get contaminated water and will be protected in case of diarrhea or respiratory illnesses risk. .
Thus, we consider breastfeeding to be the most important way of feeding a newborn. It offers a wide range of benefits for children, parents, society, and economic stability of a family. It is also deemed to be special for the tradition of feeding infants. Having realized the advantages of breastfeeding, women opt for it without doubts as they know all the pros of this natural process. Anyway, it is up to every woman whether to breastfeed or not as they are already aware of all the factors that may influence the way they take care of their babies and build strong bonds with them.