Global Learning: Future Trends of Education
At the present moment, education is one of the most dynamic spheres of social life. The spreading of technologies and the realities that come with globalization have impacted the development of educational projects and interactions between the key stakeholders. It is necessary to examine the emerging educational trends and their potential transformation in the future. Although it may be problematic to specify all future trends in detail (as new relevant factors occur on a regular basis), it is still possible to determine the major directions of change as well as reach corresponding, well-supported assumptions. The main facilitator of changes is the technological factor that has affected the possibilities as well as potential benefits and risks associated with such technologies. At the same time, the analyzed trends will also indicate the changes in student needs and psychology as well as the transformation of the educational environment into the global system with the equal respect to diverse interests and needs. In general, the existing trends demonstrate the possibility of radically changing the traditional educational sphere in the country in the future.
One of the major current trends is the higher flexibility of curriculum, learning materials, and techniques. Given that students have different abilities and inclinations, it would be impossible to assess their progress from a uniform perspective. Teaching tends to become more innovative and integrated with digital technologies for searching for recent statistics, appropriate forms of information delivery, and receiving an evaluating feedback from students. Moreover, digital technologies enable teachers to access the growing amount of information and statistics regarding student performance (Pike, 2017). It is possible to evaluate their progress over time, determine the most problematic topics and activities as well as design specific interventions that will be the most effective in the long run.
Such learning techniques as Bring Your Own Device (BYOD), flipped classroom, education technology, and gamification are increasing their presence in the market (Altemueller & Lindquist, 2017). Their major advantages include providing students with the highest flexibility and the possibility of examining the analyzed processes and events from different perspectives. It is crucial for students to arrive at the objective understanding of various issues and avoid unsupported claims. These learning techniques enable accessing the maximal scope of information from various sources as well as applying it to the current environment. Many challenges presuppose the existence of several potential solutions that are highly important for the modern complex world. In addition, it is very common to combine various techniques in the learning process to maximize the likelihood of finding the optimal alternative.
Another important trend has emerged under the impact of digitization is the spread of homeschooling (Neuman & Guterman, 2017a). It allows parents to actively participate in the learning process as well as introduce relevant religious or other beliefs into their childrens education. Modern technologies enable achieving the proper balance between the maximum autonomy of learners and the possibility of being integrated into the global educational network. The effectiveness of homeschooling substantially exceeds the national average level, and the gap is on the rise (Neuman & Guterman, 2017b). Potential socialization difficulties can be addressed through involving such children in recreational activities with their peers according to their interests. It means that digital technologies should not be viewed as being in direct opposition to traditional activities.
The status of dominant education techniques may be subject to changes due to the rapid innovations in this sphere and the desire of learning institutions to maximize their competitive positions through investing in new technologies. However, such techniques as BYOD and flipped classroom can strengthen their positions in the future due to their high effectiveness and the positive perceptions among learners (Altemueller & Lindquist, 2017). It is also plausible that the popularity of homeschooling will also increase considerably due to its higher degree of effectiveness and flexibility. In general, traditional schools, universities, and other educational establishments will have to adjust their operations according to the most recent technological trends to maintain their competitive positions in the world.
The effective provision of educational services presupposes the proper utilization of available resources and technologies for meeting the students growing social needs. Therefore, these trends include the rapid digitization of education. It involves substituting traditional methods and educational materials with the latest digital technologies and innovations. Modern students can participate in international educational projects without any of the additional costs as well as actively impacting the educational process through developing their materials, communicating with their peers, and providing the feedback for administrators (P?rez-Sanagust?n et al., 2017). Digitization has several unique benefits. For instance, it allows considering the interpersonal differences between people. As every student has his/her own preferences, it is possible to address them in an optimal way. In addition, digitization allows substantially reducing average costs of delivering the largest fraction of educational services. It is highly important as it allows utilizing scarce resources in a more effective manner and serving the needs of the growing student population.
The high flexibility of the curriculum requires the higher respect towards student freedom and the possibility of selecting the optimal learning framework. Currently, students are not restricted with the uniform learning system developed by their schools administration. There is the general social recognition that all students are different, and they should be able to orient to their learning priorities and needs. Modern technologies enable achieving these goals through offering systematic information in a way applicable to a concrete individual. The spreading of blended practices also confirms this analysis. However, the higher degree of freedom may lead to positive long-term outcomes only if it is associated with adequate responsibility. Responsible decisions may allow each student to realize his/her creative potential and achieve the desired intellectual growth within the minimal time frame. Even such a minor element as selecting ones own pace of learning can drastically increase the ultimate learning outcomes.
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The emerging trends also lead to structural changes. Thus, a new form of media consumption becomes dominant, implying the close relationship between learning and entertainment (Bolat & O’Sullivan, 2017). Currently students face the unprecedented opportunity of accessing the relevant information from various sources. Although it may contain some biased opinions or unsupported claims, their close analysis may be beneficial to students as they can become more critical and rational in their future decisions. Learning and entertainment tend to become closely interrelated because providers of educational products and services try to select the most convenient form for students. Correspondingly, the rates of their learning progress may increase considerably. Moreover, the growing number of entertainment elements may increase motivation among many students. Entertaining activities may also be helpful for organizing various forms of group work where different students can interact with each other and assess short- and long-term implications of various actions. It can also make learning more practical-oriented as students will be able to compare their findings to the overall media coverage of these events.
Nowadays, there are new forms of collaboration between universities and massive open online courses (MOOCs) with the corresponding impact on prices charged for educational services (P?rez-Sanagust?n et al., 2017). For a long time, the competition in the educational sphere remained at the comparatively low level. It allowed universities and other educational institutions to charge the constantly growing fees. However, with the emergence of MOOCs, high-quality content from leading universities has become available for free. Moreover, many top-universities have had to shift towards online education to order to increase their enrollment and maximizing their reputation. Thus, it can lead to the lower prices for higher education, especially among those institutions that are unable to demonstrate the highest quality standards. Currently, many traditional universities collaborate with MOOCs through offering various services and courses for a mutually agreed fee. It allows maintaining proper financial efficiency of such initiatives and differentiating between tutors depending on the level of their qualification.
Global learning refers to a new approach of examining international development through investigating the patterns of peoples interactions with each other at the global level. It is actively implemented in many countries in Western Europe, North America, and Southeastern Asia. It allows recognizing the major differences among countries while developing mutually beneficial projects (Pike, 2017). In some cases, they may be adjusted to the needs of specific countries; however, the global environment tends to eliminate the key differences contributing to the establishment of a universal value system and similar criteria of educational achievements. Global learning is effective not only in relation to establishing the global learning environment and the constant innovations implementation but also in finding the ways of economizing education-related costs. It is especially relevant for the US as the country has very high educational expenses that do not always result in the highest level of students knowledge.
It is evident that the observed dynamics of curriculum, techniques, and international cooperation are closely related to one another. In fact, the decision of selecting a technique by the administration typically depends on the current external environment as well as the changing consumers demands. Therefore, the change in any of the critical factors automatically leads to a series of urgent readjustments in all major aspects related to the provision of educational services. It may be expected that the rates of changes in this field may even increase in the future due to the constantly emerging digital solutions (Pike, 2017). Under such conditions, it is reasonable to maintain the decentralized character of decision-making when every institution makes the independent decision of relying on the selected techniques that correspond to its strategic objectives and the identified consumer needs.
To summarize, the preceding analysis demonstrates that there are several major education trends. They mostly refer to the active implementation of new techniques oriented towards providing students with additional opportunities as well as utilizing the emerged digital opportunities to the maximum degree. The global environment presupposes active collaboration between individuals of different educational backgrounds. Moreover, this process should be continuous to reflect all major social and economic transformations. Although it is difficult to predict all future changes in this segment, it is reasonable to expect that BYOD and flipped classroom will become even more popular due to their flexibility and the positive assessment by students and other educational stakeholders. Homeschooling is also among the major modern trends due to its ability to deliver an individually-oriented experience to each child with the proper integration of parents values and interests (for example, regarding religious education). Global learning practices play an important role in globalizing the educational environment and finding new ways of international cooperation between countries. However, they are much more widespread in Western Europe, North America, and Southeastern Asia compared to other regions. However, the situation may improve in the future. The identified trends depend on one another as they represent the same process of the global transformation. As the rate of global change may increase even further, the global educational system should be even more efficient in introducing the latest techniques.