How To Write an Argumentative Essay

Argumentative essay definition

An argumentative essay is a type of writing that presents a well-reasoned argument for a specific thesis statement. The primary purpose of an argumentative essay is to persuade the reader to accept the writer’s point of view on a particular issue. This is achieved by constructing a logical argument based on evidence and thorough research.

The key elements of an argumentative essay include:

  • Clear Thesis: A definitive statement that establishes the writer’s position on the topic.
  • Logical Structure: Organized presentation of arguments, counter arguments, and refutations.
  • Evidence-Based Arguments: Use of credible sources to support the writer’s stance.
  • Counterargument Consideration: Acknowledgment and rebuttal of opposing viewpoints.
  • Convincing Conclusion: A summary that reinforces the thesis and the main arguments presented.

The goal is not only to convince the reader but also to present a balanced and fair argument that considers multiple perspectives

Unlike persuasive writing, which may rely on emotional appeal, an argumentative essay focuses on using facts and evidence to support its claims.

Persuasive essay vs argumentative essay

The main difference between a persuasive essay and an argumentative essay lies in the approach and the purpose of the writing.

Persuasive Essay:

  • Purpose: To persuade the reader to agree with the writer’s opinion or stance.
  • Approach: Often appeals to the reader’s emotions, personal beliefs, and values.
  • Technique: May use personal anecdotes, emotional language, and emphatic statements to convince the reader.
  • Focus: Primarily on the writer’s viewpoint, aiming to convince the reader without necessarily presenting opposing views in detail.

Argumentative Essay:

  • Purpose: To present a well-reasoned argument for a specific thesis statement, aiming to convince the reader through logic and evidence.
  • Approach: Uses facts, statistics, and evidence to support the argument, often addressing and refuting counter arguments.
  • Technique: Relies on a logical structure and objective reasoning, presenting a balanced view of the topic.
  • Focus: On presenting a logical argument that considers multiple perspectives, not just the writer’s own opinion.

In essence, persuasive essays are more subjective and aim to appeal to the reader’s emotions, while argumentative essays are more objective and based on factual evidence and logical reasoning.

To make a argumentative essay more effective, consider implementing the following strategies:

  • Choose Your Words Carefully: The language you use can significantly impact the reader. Select words that resonate with your audience and build a personal connection.
  • Ask Questions: Engage the reader by asking rhetorical questions. This encourages them to think about the issue and can make them more receptive to your argument.
  • Clear Thesis Statement: Your essay should have a clear and concise thesis statement that outlines your main argument and sets the direction for your essay.
  • Persuasion Map: Before writing, create a persuasion map to organize your main points and supporting evidence. This helps in structuring your essay logically.
  • Speak Directly to the Reader: Address the reader directly to create a more intimate and engaging tone. This can make the essay feel like a conversation.
  • Repeat Your Main Arguments: Repetition can be a powerful tool. By restating your key points, you reinforce them in the reader’s mind.
  • Use Emotional Appeals: While your essay should be based on facts and evidence, don’t underestimate the power of emotional appeal. Stories and personal anecdotes can make your argument more relatable and impactful. Incorporate Ethos, Logos, and Pathos: Use these modes of persuasion to enhance your argument. Ethos appeals to credibility, logos to logic, and pathos to emotion.
  • Address Counterarguments: Acknowledge opposing viewpoints and refute them. This shows that you’ve considered different perspectives and are confident in your position.
  • Be Assertive: State your points with confidence. An assertive tone can convince readers that you truly believe in your argument.

By integrating these strategies, your argumentative essay will be more likely to sway your readers to your point of view.

Argumentative essay topics

Here are some engaging argumentative essay topics across various categories:


  • Should the U.S. allow fracking?
  • Are GMOs beneficial or harmful?
  • Do electric vehicles decrease overall emissions?


  • Should social media platforms be banned from collecting their users’ data?
  • Are we too dependent on our phones?


  • Should healthcare be free for everyone?
  • Should smoking be banned in public places?


  • Should climate change be a governmental issue?
  • Should the voting age be lowered to 16?


  • Should colleges and universities have to pay their student athletes?
  • Do school uniforms help educational attainment?


  • Should plastic bags be banned?
  • Should zoos be banned?


  • Should the minimum wage be increased?
  • Should the government provide free college education?


  • Should religious institutions be taxed?
  • Should prayer be allowed in schools?

These topics can serve as a starting point for a compelling argumentative essay that requires research, critical thinking, and well-structured arguments.

Tips on narrowing down a topic for my argumentative essay

Narrowing down a topic for an argumentative essay is a crucial step to ensure your essay is focused and compelling. Here are some tips to help you refine your topic:

  • Choose an Area of Interest: Start with a broad subject area that you are passionate about or find intriguing.
  • Identify a Specific Aspect: Within your chosen area, pinpoint a more specific aspect that you can explore in depth.
  • Consider Current Trends: Look at current events or recent research to find a topic that is relevant and has ample evidence available.
  • Conduct Preliminary Research: Do some initial research to see if there is enough information on your topic and to ensure it’s not too broad or too narrow.
  • Determine the Scope: Decide on the scope of your essay. Will you focus on a particular geographic area, population group, or time period?
  • Formulate a Question: Turn your topic into a question that your essay will answer. This helps in creating a thesis statement.
  • Evaluate the Arguments: Make sure there are clear arguments and counterarguments for your topic, which will allow for a balanced discussion.
  • Seek Feedback: Discuss your topic with others to get feedback and new perspectives that might help you refine it further.
  • Refine Your Thesis: Based on your research and feedback, refine your thesis to clearly state your position on the topic.
  • Ensure Relevance: Make sure your topic is relevant to your audience and the assignment criteria.

By following these steps, you’ll be able to narrow down your topic to one that is manageable, interesting, and argumentatively rich.

Building a strong thesis statement for an argumentative essay involves several key steps:

  • Start with a Question: Begin by asking a question related to your topic that your essay will answer.
  • Take a Position: Your thesis should take a clear stance on the issue. It’s not just a statement of fact, but a claim that requires evidence and analysis to support.
  • Be Specific: Make sure your thesis is specific enough to be covered in the scope of your essay. Avoid broad statements that are too general to argue effectively.
  • Make it Debatable: A strong thesis statement should be something that people could reasonably disagree with. This allows for a clear argumentative edge in your essay.
  • Support with Reasoning: Your thesis should be backed by objective reasoning and evidence. It should be more than just your opinion; it should be a claim that others can challenge and debate.
  • Refine Your Thesis: As you research and write, refine your thesis to make it clearer and more concise. A good thesis evolves as you gain a better understanding of your topic.

Avoiding weak thesis statements is crucial for crafting a compelling argumentative essay.

Here are some examples of weak thesis statements and why they should be avoided:

  • Too Broad: “Technology is changing our lives.” This statement is too vague and doesn’t specify how technology is changing our lives or what aspect of our lives it’s affecting.
  • Statement of Fact: “Water is essential for life.” This is a factual statement that doesn’t present an argument or a position that can be debated.
  • Not Debatable: “Pollution is bad for the environment.” Most people would agree with this statement, so it doesn’t provide a clear position to argue.
  • Lacks Specificity: “Schools should improve education.” This statement doesn’t explain how schools should improve education or what aspects of education need improvement.
  • No Clear Stance: “There are pros and cons to social media.” This statement doesn’t take a clear position on social media; it simply states that there are both positive and negative aspects.
  • Question Form: “Is climate change real?” A thesis statement should provide an answer, not ask a question.
  • Moral or Religious Claim: “People should be kind to each other.” This is a moral imperative that doesn’t present an argumentative claim for an essay.
  • Too Narrow: “I like ice cream because it’s sweet.” This statement is too personal and doesn’t provide a basis for an argumentative essay.

Here’s an example of a strong thesis statement for an argumentative essay:

“Despite the popularity of social media platforms, they should be regulated to protect users’ privacy and prevent the spread of misinformation, as these issues pose significant risks to individual rights and public safety.”
This statement is clear, takes a position, is specific, debatable, and sets the stage for presenting evidence and reasoning in the essay.

Here’s an example of an argumentative essay on the topic:

“Should social media platforms be regulated by the government?”

Title: The Case for Regulating Social Media Platforms


In the digital age, social media platforms have become central to our personal and professional lives. However, the lack of regulation has led to significant issues, including the spread of misinformation, privacy breaches, and mental health concerns. This essay argues that government regulation of social media platforms is necessary to protect users and ensure a healthy digital environment.

Thesis Statement

Given the widespread impact of social media on society and the individual, it is imperative that governments implement regulations to curb the negative effects of these platforms, while preserving freedom of expression and innovation.

Body Paragraph 1: Misinformation

  • Point: Social media has become a breeding ground for misinformation, affecting public opinion and democracy.
  • Evidence: Studies have shown that false information spreads faster than the truth on platforms like Twitter and Facebook.
  • Analysis: Without regulation, there is little incentive for social media companies to address this issue effectively.

Body Paragraph 2: Privacy Concerns

  • Point: Users’ personal data is often exploited for profit, without their explicit consent.
  • Evidence: The Cambridge Analytica scandal revealed how data can be used to manipulate voters.
  • Analysis: Regulation can enforce transparency and consent in data usage.

Body Paragraph 3: Mental Health

  • Point: The design of social media platforms can lead to addiction and negative mental health outcomes.
  • Evidence: Research links excessive social media use to depression and anxiety, particularly among teens.
  • Analysis: Government intervention can mandate changes to protect users’ well-being.

Counterargument and Rebuttal

Some argue that regulation stifles innovation and free speech. However, regulation aimed at protecting users does not have to impede these values. Properly crafted policies can enhance the digital ecosystem by holding platforms accountable.


The unchecked power of social media platforms poses risks that necessitate government intervention. Regulation can provide a framework for responsible operation, balancing the protection of users with the benefits these platforms offer. It is not a question of whether to regulate, but how to do so effectively.

This essay follows a clear structure, presents a strong thesis, supports arguments with evidence, and addresses potential counterarguments. It is important to present a well-reasoned argument that is supported by research and analysis.

Argumentative Essay Writing Help Online

There are several online resources that can provide guidance and tools to assist you in the writing process. Here are a few options:

  • Writing A-Z: Offers a range of resources to help both teachers and students with the various stages of writing, including argumentative essays.
  • ThinkCERCA: Provides a structured literacy program that encourages deep analysis and thoughtful writing.
    Writable: A platform that scaffolds the writing process with peer review and feedback, which can be particularly useful for argumentative essays.
  • Quandary: While not specifically for essay writing, this ethics game can help students learn to make tough decisions, a skill that can be transferred to constructing arguments.
  • AllSides for Schools: Helps students understand different perspectives on current issues, which is crucial for writing balanced argumentative essays.
  • NoodleTools: Assists with research and citation, which are key components of a strong argumentative essay.
  • Provides pros and cons on various topics, which can help in formulating arguments and counterarguments.

These platforms can serve as valuable starting points to enhance your argumentative essay writing skills. Remember to evaluate each resource to determine which best suits your needs and preferences.

Hire an argumentative essay writer online

When looking for the best argumentative essay writing service to hire a writer, it’s important to consider services that offer:

  • Qualified Writers: Ensure that the service has a team of qualified writers with expertise in various fields.
  • Originality: The service should provide plagiarism-free content, often backed by a plagiarism report.
  • Confidentiality: Your personal information and the use of the service should remain confidential.
  • Customer Support: Look for services that offer 24/7 customer support to address any concerns or questions you may have.
  • Money-Back Guarantee: This offers a safety net in case the service does not meet your expectations.
  • Positive Reviews: Check customer feedback and reviews to gauge the quality of the service.

Based on these criteria, here is a writing service that is highly rated and could be considered: Known for delivering top-notch argumentative essays with a large pool of writers to choose from.

  • Offers a custom argumentative essay writing service with a team of experienced writers and a promise of outstanding research and cost-effective solutions.
  • Provides fast service with a uniqueness guarantee and a focus on avoiding writing hell for students.
  • Delivers only original essays and prides itself on strong deadline ethics4.

Choose a service that aligns with your specific needs and academic standards!