How To Write a Cause and Effect Essay

A cause and effect essay definition

A cause and effect essay is a type of writing that examines the reasons for (causes) and the results of (effects) particular events or actions. Here’s a breakdown of its definition, purpose, importance for students, and planning:
A cause and effect essay explores the relationship between events or conditions and their outcomes. It’s structured to highlight how different factors contribute to specific results.

The main goal is to analyze how various phenomena are related in terms of origins and results. This essay can focus on either the causes or effects, or both, of a particular event or situation.

Writing cause and effect essays helps students develop critical thinking and analytical skills. They learn to identify logical connections between events, which is a valuable skill for academic success and everyday decision-making.

To plan a cause and effect essay, students should:

  • Select a Topic: Choose an event or condition with a clear cause-and-effect relationship.
  • Conduct Research: Gather information to understand the causes and effects fully.
  • Create an Outline: Organize thoughts logically and outline the essay structure.
  • Write a Thesis Statement: Clearly state the main cause, effect, or both.
  • Draft the Essay: Begin with an introduction, followed by body paragraphs that detail each cause or effect, and conclude with a summary of the findings.

By understanding and applying these elements, students can effectively write cause and effect essays that are coherent, informative, and engaging.

A cause and effect essay typically follows this structure:


  • Introduce the topic and provide background information.
  • Present the thesis statement that indicates the focus of the essay, whether it’s on causes, effects, or both.

Body Paragraphs

  • Causes Section: If the essay focuses on causes, start with the most significant cause and provide evidence to support your points.
  • Effects Section: If the essay focuses on effects, discuss the main effects that stem from the causes you’ve outlined.
  • Each paragraph should cover a single cause or effect with relevant details and examples.


  • Reiterate the thesis statement and summarize the main points of the essay.
  • Reflect on the significance of the causes and effects discussed, and possibly suggest further areas of research or implications of the topic.

The number of body paragraphs can vary based on the complexity of the topic and the assignment requirements. The key is to maintain a clear and logical flow of information that guides the reader through your analysis of the cause and effect relationship.

Brainstorming ideas for a cause and effect essay

Brainstorming ideas for a cause and effect essay involves identifying a topic and exploring the various causes and consequences associated with it. Here are some techniques to help you brainstorm effectively:

  • Freewriting: Set a timer for 5-10 minutes and write continuously about your topic. Don’t worry about grammar or coherence; the goal is to get your thoughts down on paper.
  • Listing: Create a list of all the causes and effects you can think of related to your topic. This can help you see which ones are the most significant or interesting.
  • Mind Mapping: Draw a mind map with your main idea in the center and branches for different causes and effects. This visual representation can help you organize your thoughts.
  • Asking Questions: Use the five W’s (Who, What, When, Where, Why) and How to probe deeper into the topic. For example, “Why does this happen?” or “What are the consequences?”
  • Research: Sometimes, reading about your topic can inspire new ideas. Look for articles, studies, or books that discuss your topic and note any interesting causes or effects.
  • Discussion: Talk about your topic with others. They may offer perspectives you hadn’t considered.
  • T-Chart: Draw a T-chart with causes on one side and effects on the other. This can help you organize your ideas and see the relationships between them.

Brainstorming is helping to generate as many ideas as possible without judging them. Once you have a good list, you can evaluate which ideas are the strongest and most relevant to your essay.

Cause and effect essay writing tips

Writing a cause and effect essay involves understanding the relationship between events and their outcomes. Here are some tips to help you craft a compelling essay:

  • Be Clear and Focused: Stick to the main cause and effect relationships relevant to your topic. Avoid discussing unrelated details that may confuse the reader.
  • Be Concise: Keep your writing clear and to the point. Use straightforward language and avoid redundancy to make your essay more impactful.
  • Use Examples: Support your arguments with relevant examples, data, and observations. This helps to illustrate your points and makes your essay more persuasive.
  • Organize Your Essay: Structure your essay logically. Start with an introduction that states your thesis, followed by body paragraphs that explore each cause or effect, and conclude with a summary of your findings.
  • Employ Transition Words: Use transition words to smoothly guide the reader from one point to the next, clarifying the cause and effect relationships.
  • Revise and Proofread: After completing your draft, revise to improve clarity and coherence. Proofread to eliminate grammatical errors and typos.
  • Critical Thinking: Apply critical thinking to analyze the causes and effects thoroughly. Ensure that the relationships you present are logical and backed by evidence.
  • Consult Multiple Sources: Research your topic using various sources to gain a comprehensive understanding of the causes and effects involved.

Here’s a list of 50 cause and effect essay topics that can inspire your writing:

  • Causes and consequences of childhood obesity.
  • Causes and effects of bullying in schools.
  • Causes and effects of crime.
  • Causes and effects of cyberbullying.
  • Causes and effects of high school dropouts.
  • Causes and effects of overpopulation.
  • Causes and effects of stress in the modern workplace.
  • Causes and effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Causes and effects of urbanization.
  • Causes and solutions to food prices increase.
  • COVID-19 effects on suicide rates.
  • Effects of increased usage of mobile phones in businesses.
  • Effects of Instagram on children.
  • Effects of sleep deprivation on academic performance.
  • Effects of technology on attention span.
  • Effects of technology on interpersonal relationships.
  • Energy levels drop when eating junk food.
  • How do oil prices affect the aviation industry?
  • How does learning a second language affect the first language?
  • How does regular alcohol consumption influence mental health?
  • How relationships with parents affect teenagers’ emotional well-being.
  • Impacts of stress on mental health.
  • Joint problems are caused by obesity.
  • Major causes of drug abuse among adolescents.
  • Obesity is impacting the healthcare system in the US.
  • Response stopped
  • The cause of stress and its effects on health.
  • The causes of Parkinson’s disease.
  • The consequences of uploading an embarrassing photo on social media.
  • The effects of college preparation programs on future success.
  • The effects of mobile phone usage in classrooms.
  • The effects of social media on education.
  • The effects of stress on the human body.
  • The impact of social media on mental health.
  • The impact of technology on communication skills.
  • The impact of women’s rights movements on society.
  • The influence of advertising on consumer behavior.
  • The influence of fast-food accessibility on obesity rates.
  • The influence of media portrayals on body image.
  • The influence of music on mood and emotions.
  • The influence of the internet on kids.
  • The main causes of cardiovascular disease.
  • Types and causes of water pollution.
  • Video games and their impact on aggressive behavior.
  • What are the causes of increased consumption of fast food?
  • What are the solutions for the gender wage gap?
  • What are the worst consequences of school bullying?
  • Why does sea temperature increase, and how does it affect fish?
  • Why substance abuse leads to health and social problems.
  • Impact of movies on mental health.

Cause and effect essay example

Here’s a sample cause and effect essay that explores the impact of technology on society:

Title: The Digital Divide: Causes and Effects on Society


In the 21st century, technology has become a cornerstone of daily life, influencing how we communicate, work, and learn. However, not everyone has equal access to these digital resources, leading to a phenomenon known as the digital divide. This essay examines the causes of the digital divide and its effects on society.

Body Paragraphs

Paragraph 1: Causes

  • Economic Disparities: The cost of technology can be prohibitive for low-income families, preventing them from purchasing computers or paying for high-speed internet.
  • Geographical Barriers: Rural areas often lack the infrastructure for reliable internet access, leaving residents at a technological disadvantage.
  • Educational Gaps: Schools in underfunded districts may not have the resources to provide students with the necessary technology, widening the divide.

Paragraph 2: Effects

  • Limited Job Opportunities: In a world where many jobs require digital literacy, individuals without access to technology may struggle to find employment.
  • Educational Setbacks: Students without internet access at home face challenges in completing homework and keeping up with their peers.
  • Social Isolation: The inability to connect online can lead to feelings of isolation, as many social interactions now take place in digital spaces.


The digital divide is a complex issue with far-reaching consequences. By understanding its causes, we can work towards bridging the gap and ensuring that everyone has the opportunity to benefit from the digital revolution. As technology continues to advance, it is imperative that we address this divide to foster a more inclusive society.

This sample essay provides a clear structure that outlines the causes and effects of a specific issue, demonstrating how they interrelate and impact one another. When writing your own essay, remember to provide evidence and examples to support your points, ensuring your argument is compelling and well-founded.

Professional Writers Online

If you’re looking for cause and effect essay writing services online, there are several platforms where you can find professional writers to assist you. These services can provide custom essays tailored to your specific requirements.

Here’s how you can use such services:

  • Research: Look for reputable online essay writing services with positive reviews and testimonials.
  • Inquire: Contact the services to inquire about their process, pricing, and the qualifications of their writers.
  • Provide Details: Once you choose a service, provide them with all the necessary details about your essay, including the topic, length, format, and deadline.
  • Collaborate: Work closely with the writer assigned to your essay to ensure that the content meets your expectations.
  • Review: After receiving the draft, review it thoroughly to ensure it aligns with your requirements and request any necessary revisions.

It’s also important to verify the credentials of the writers to ensure that they have the necessary expertise to handle your topic effectively.

When hiring a cause and effect essay writer, consider the following advice and guide to ensure you find a suitable candidate for your needs:

  • Define Your Requirements: Be clear about the topic, scope, and depth of the essay you need. Specify the word count, deadline, and any particular style or format requirements.
  • Search for Writers: Use reputable platforms like or educational forums where freelance writers offer their services. You can also check out writing service websites that specialize in academic writing.
  • Evaluate Expertise: Look for writers with experience in writing cause and effect essays. Check their profiles for qualifications, ratings, and reviews from previous clients.
  • Request Samples: Ask for writing samples to assess the writer’s ability to handle cause and effect essays effectively. This will give you an insight into their writing style and quality.
  • Discuss the Project: Once you’ve shortlisted a few candidates, discuss your project with them in detail. This will help you gauge their understanding and approach to your topic.
  • Check for Plagiarism Policy: Ensure the writer has a strict plagiarism policy and uses tools to check fororiginality in their work.
  • Agree on a Price: Determine the payment based on the complexity of the work and the writer’s expertise. Make sure the price is agreed upon before the work begins.
  • Set Milestones: For longer essays, set milestones and corresponding payments. This will keep the writer motivated and ensure progress is made according to schedule.
  • Communicate Regularly: Maintain open communication with the writer throughout the process. Provide feedback on drafts and clarify any doubts they might have.
  • Review the Final Draft: Once the essay is completed, review it thoroughly. Ensure that it meets all your requirements and is free of errors.

A successful hiring process is clarity in communication and expectations. By following these steps, you can find a competent writer who will deliver a well-crafted cause and effect essay that meets your academic needs.